Indoor Cannabis Growing Checklist and Mistakes to Avoid

Indoor Cannabis Growing Checklist and Mistakes to Avoid

If you’re a novice cannabis grower, certain mistakes can cause you to suffer losses. Although growing cannabis is like growing any other plant, cannabis plants typically have a drastic response to insufficiencies. If you grow cannabis in an outdoor setting, most of the essential elements are provided by the natural environment, but when growing out of an indoor grow tent, it’s your responsibility to simulate an ideal environment. As you gain experience in cannabis growing, you develop comprehensive knowledge that helps you grow healthy plants and achieve high yields.

Indoor Cannabis Growing Checklist

The following are the essential things that you require to start growing cannabis:

1. Cannabis Seeds

Buying cannabis seeds with outstanding genetic makeup is half the success. To avoid buying low-quality cannabis seeds, always shop from reputable seed banks. Cannabis seeds come in three main types: photoperiodic cannabis seeds, feminized cannabis seeds, and feminized cannabis seeds. Photoperiodic seeds may produce either male or female plants, feminized seeds produce female plants that begin flowering when the lighting schedule is manipulated, and auto-flowering seeds produce female plants that don’t require a photoperiodic switch. If you’re a novice grower, auto-flowering cannabis seeds are ideal, as you never have to stress about which is the male or female plant, or change the photoperiod.

2. Grow Lights

If you grow cannabis in an outdoor setting, the essential elements like light and fresh air are supplied free by Mother Nature. However, with indoor cannabis growing, you have to install artificial grow lights to take the place of the sun. Depending on the size of your grow room, and the stage of the plant in the growth cycle, you can choose an ideal lighting system. Some of the common grow lights include fluorescent grow lights, HID grow lights, and LED grow lights. Fluorescent grow lights are cheap and easy to use, but on the downside, they are less efficient. HID grow lights are highly efficient, but on the downside, they produce high levels of heat and are resource intense. LED grow lights are popular among cannabis growers for their efficiency and inbuilt cooling properties. Choosing the perfect grow lights is a critical step in boosting plant health and yield.

3. Ventilation

The growing environment is typically composed of diverse gaseous elements. However, the heat and gases can exert a limiting impact on cannabis plants. And so, it’s critical to install a ventilation system to ensure that these gases are eliminated, and to support the flow of fresh air into the grow room. The exhaust fans should be pointed toward the grow lights to make for easy elimination of heat and other gases. An ideal ventilation system is proportional to the grow room size. If heat is allowed to accumulate within the grow tent, it can damage the structure of the plant, and minimize the chemical compounds of cannabis.

4. Growing Medium

Growing mediums prop up the plant, enhance root respiration, and facilitate the uptake of water and nutrients. Some of the common growing mediums include potting mix, coco coir, and water. Potting mix refers to a soilless mix of varied matter. Potting mix is usually easy to handle, lightweight, and has excellent draining capabilities. Coco coir is made from the outer husk of coconuts. Water is used as a growing medium in hydroponics. When choosing an ideal growing medium, the important considerations include your budget and grow room size.

5. Nutrients

Nitrogen is one of the most essential elements when cannabis is growing as it promotes protein production. But, other chemical elements are just as essential. Cannabis plants need to be fed adequate nutrients so that they can become healthy and abundant. Always ensure that you are feeding your cannabis plants the right nutrients in the right proportion. If you administer more nutrients than necessary to your plants, it can make for negative results.

Avoid These Mistakes When Growing Cannabis Indoors

If you’re an inexperienced grower, you should watch out for these mistakes:

1. Using Excessive Water

Water is an essential ingredient in cannabis growing. It helps in photosynthesis, cooling plants, and the movement of nutrients from the roots to other parts of the plant. However, when you overwater your cannabis plants, it can cause the growing medium e.g. soil to become soggy, and as a result, the air supply to the roots and microorganisms is cut off. Poor soil aeration causes roots to decay and plants to lose vigor. If you overwater your cannabis plants, the leaves typically start yellowing, and the bud production goes down. Always ensure that your cannabis plants receive just enough water.

2. Using Excessive Nutrients

One of the areas that cannabis growers are sensitive about is nutrient application. Nutrients help in plant development, fighting diseases, and reproduction. However, the application of excessive nutrients can be as bad as the lack of nutrients. Some inexperienced growers might expect to see instant results, which causes them to apply more nutrients than necessary. Applying excessive nutrients to cannabis plants typically leads to issues like heavy metal accumulation and eutrophication. The plant may produce too many leaves, but low flower production; the leaves may turn yellow; and in some instances, the plant may die. Always adhere to the guidelines when administering nutrients to your cannabis plants.

3. Not Regulating Temperature

Excessive temperature can be detrimental to the health of your cannabis plants. Grow lights are the common source of high temperatures within an indoor grow room. Some types of grow lights have a higher heat production level than others. Excessive heat can alter plant development in diverse ways like stunted growth, leaf drop, leaf scald, and minimal flower production. Some of the tips for regulating the temperature within a grow room include using grow lights with inbuilt cooling features, proper sealing, and insulation of the grow room, installing fans and ventilation, and using quality dehumidifiers. Ensure that the temperature range of your grow room is consistent.

4. Not Using Quality Seeds

If you have a perfect grow room, but your cannabis seeds are of the lowest quality, you are unlikely to achieve healthy plants. Many inexperienced growers have a casual attitude when buying cannabis seeds, which makes them buy seeds with poor genetics. For the best results, you need to buy a perfect strain. Some of the characteristics you need to consider when buying cannabis seeds include light to dark brown color, waxy and protective sheen, a plump teardrop contour, firm texture, and harvest age. By using quality cannabis seeds, you improve your odds of growing healthy plants and obtaining a high yield. One of the ways to ensure you buy quality seeds is by buying from a trusted seed bank.

5. Poor Installation of Equipment

When cultivating plants in an indoor grow tent, you usually have to install equipment such as grow tents, grow lamps, and humidifiers. However, if one or more of these pieces of equipment is installed wrongly, it can cause gaps that can have negative impacts on plant health and yield. For instance, if the canvas isn’t sealed and bonded properly against the frame, it creates openings and cracks that allow pests and critters to skip into the grow room. Many pests usually reproduce at a high rate and can trigger massive losses within a short time. And so, make sure that your equipment is installed the proper way.

6. Harvesting Too Early or Too Late

In cannabis harvesting, the importance of getting the time right cannot be overstated. With early harvesting, the flowers are not fully developed, and this would mean low yields. With late harvesting, there’s a likelihood of declined potency, which would mean poor taste. Early harvesting is characterized by underdeveloped trichomes, which would hamper the taste and minimize the high. One of the best indicators that cannabis is ready for harvesting includes the darkening and curling in of the pistils. Also, the buds should be thick and dense. Always make sure to harvest cannabis at the appropriate time.

7. Lack of Privacy

Whether you grow cannabis for domestic use or commercial reasons, it’s best to keep your operations private. For one, the cannabis grow rooms are usually targeted by vandals, and then there’s the fact that cannabis is a trigger for charged debate. Cannabis typically has aromatic chemical compounds, and at the flowering stage, the scent can be overpowering. It’s critical to invest in carbon filters to make sure that the scent doesn’t drift outside and alarm people to your grow room operations.

8. Applying the Wrong Fertilizer

Fertilizers play a critical role in promoting plant health and yield. However, to achieve the best results, you need to apply the correct fertilizer. Different cannabis strains have different needs. And so, check to see which fertilizer is most fitting for your cannabis seeds.

The Takeaway: Cannabis Growing Checklist and Common Mistakes

Growing cannabis indoors requires you to set up a perfect growing environment. Some of the critical components of an indoor grow room include cannabis seeds, grow lights, and ventilation. If you’re an inexperienced grower, you are at risk of making various mistakes like overwatering, overfeeding nutrients, and not regulating the temperature. However, as you build up your experience, you become more inclined to achieve outstanding results.